Week 2 ICARE, Backwards Design and Bloom’s Taxonomy Models

Week 2 ICARE, Backwards Design and Bloom’s Taxonomy Models

The Question(s)

Write a reflection about the advanced instructional designs that were presented in class. Which ones made sense? Which would you use? Why? Which did you have problems with and what problems?


ICARE stands for Introduction, Connect, Apply, Reflect, and Extent. The introduction gives the lesson context and provides details about what the outcome in learning should be. The connect section introduces the necessary information to help students in the learning process. Apply will provide challenges and activities for the students. Reflect will allow the students time to review what they have learned and evaluate more questions. Extend offers the option to do more difficult processes. This process is used in my lessons also. It is an inherent part that I don’t really think about. The way our lessons progress, it is like the baby steps taken to reach independent working.

Backwards Design

Even if you don’t think you follow a backwards design method, you do. How else can you create a lesson or training module if you don’t know where you are wanting to end up with what knowledge is gained? Starting at the end is an example of how people plan for saving money or even how they clean their house! Really! You know you want to end with a clean house and you do what you need to so you can get there.

In educator or trainer terms, it’s called backwards design. You lay out everything that needs to be taught and what you want students or participants to be able to do when they finish and then you determine how you want to progressively get them there. The more educators or trainers do this, the more they don’t even realize what they are doing. It is a process that becomes second nature. In my personal experience, I also apply this to my own theory of learning. What do I want to be able to do when I finish? I may be teaching myself how to use a new software and I have to decide what my goal is. Do I plan to start using the software on a regular basis or do I just want to be familiar enough to introduce it to my students and turn them lose? some of the best “learning” my students and I do is on the fly. We investigate software together and share what we learn. I still learn new things from students all the time. (Hopefully, they are learning new things from me also!) My point here is that sometimes I don’t really have a specific end in mind but I still considered where to end up first!


Blooms, Blooms, Blooms! Where would any of us be without Blooms? While it seems to be one of the most well known theories, it is not necessarily the most thorough. It is an excellent theory to start with but after learning about the exhaustive listing of additional theories, you realize that more has to be added to it. I think that many of the ID models are presented as a basic plan but the author automatically adds more than they state. The theory presentation just depends on how much detail the individual needs to be reminded of.

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